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Home > Services > Medical DermatologyMelasma

Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by the development of brown or gray-brown patches on the face, typically on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. It is often related to sun exposure and hormonal changes.


1. Causes: The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood, but it is often associated with factors such as hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pills, hormone therapy), sun exposure, and genetics.

2. Types: Melasma can be categorized into three common types:

  • Epidermal Melasma: Affects the top layer of skin and is more responsive to treatment.

  • Dermal Melasma: Involves deeper layers of the skin and can be more challenging to treat.

  • Mixed Melasma: Combines characteristics of both epidermal and dermal melasma.

3. Triggers: Sun exposure is a significant trigger for melasma. UV radiation can stimulate the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color, leading to the development of melasma patches.

4. Treatment: Treatment for melasma aims to lighten or fade the dark patches and typically includes options like topical creams, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and laser therapy. Sun protection is also crucial to prevent further pigmentation.


Can melasma go away on its own?

Melasma may fade on its own, especially if it is related to pregnancy or hormonal changes. However, it often requires treatment and diligent sun protection to minimize the appearance of dark patches.


Are there any home remedies for melasma?

Some people try natural remedies like aloe vera, apple cider vinegar, or lemon juice, but these may not provide consistent results and could irritate the skin. It's best to consult a dermatologist for effective treatment options.


Should I avoid certain foods or drinks if I have rosacea?

Some individuals with rosacea find that certain foods and drinks, such as spicy foods and alcohol, can trigger flare-ups. Keeping a diary of what you consume and how it affects your skin can help identify specific triggers.


How can I protect my skin from the sun if I have rosacea?

Sunscreen is crucial for individuals with rosacea. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, and wear a wide-brimmed hat when outdoors to minimize sun exposure.


Can rosacea affect my eyes?

Yes, rosacea can affect the eyes, leading to a condition known as ocular rosacea. This can cause dryness, redness, and irritation in the eyes. If you experience eye symptoms, consult an eye specialist.

If you suspect you have rosacea or have been diagnosed with it, consulting a dermatologist is essential. They can recommend a tailored treatment plan and provide guidance on managing your specific symptoms.

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